Parliamentary form of government has been the key feature of the Indian political system, its inception having taken place under the British rule itself. It became an explicit announced policy under Government of India Act, 1919 and subsequent enactments.
When India emerged as an independent nation in 1947, It already had the experience of operating parliamentary institutions, and thus, in a sense, the decision of the Constituent Assembly of India may be said to have been preempted by the British political reality appears to be that the Indian psyche has found itself in harmony with the parliamentary form of government.
But in recent years due enormous problems of the government the future of parliamentary system India seems to be bleak. So, a lot of efforts are required in order to ensure successful functioning of the parliamentary system in India.
Development of Thought: `
Questions regarding the future parliamentary democracy in India were asked as early as the fifties, soon all the Constitution of India was adopted. In fact, two national seminars on theme were organised in 1956 and 1957.
Some of the most eminent nation leaders and parliamentarians including the then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, participated. Nehru, as the chief artificer of the system, himself rah doubts about its ability to deliver the goods.
"The problems of Government", he said, "have grown so enormously that sometimes one begins to doubt whether the normal parliamentary processes are adequate to deal with them."
He added: "The business of Government and the business of parliament become more and more complicated and it becomes a little doubtful how far parliament's democracy can carry on its work and solve such problems."
The major of the parliamentary democracy are decline in quality of our representatives, decline in quality of debates, defections, criminalization of politics, deterioration of the law and order, lack of strong opposition, corruption and the parallel economy.
Nevertheless our parliamentary democracy is a highly developed system with a long and glorious history and sophisticated operational mechanics, fact, the conception of its basic structure is absolutely sound.
The Constitute has created certain institutions and endowed them with certain powers. The powers are not unlimited. But the men and women who run these institutions forget that they are limited personalities. On the whole our constitution does not need any fundamental transformation.
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